Roos Meerman and Lilian van Daal developed ‘Dynamorphosis, the beauty of inner mechanisms’ in collaboration with Renee Van Amerongen of the Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences of the University of Amsterdam / Universiteit van Amsterdam.This project merges the invisible biological process of the body with 3D printing, with attention to biology’s ability to self-assemble, transfer substances, and maintain equilibrium. The designers’ explorations test the potential of such systems as formal and functional inspirations for design. The result is a series of printed, kinetic objects. They illuminate the hidden beauty of biological processes in lungs, intestines, and breasts, that are continually underway but that are rarely seen or considered.


The breast connects mother and child. Strangely, we still know very little about the growth properties of this tissue and the many different shapes it adopts throughout life. Inspired by two-dimensional scientific images Roos Meerman and Lilian van Daal created one of the first physical 3D visualizations of breast tissue. Using a 3D print technique that allows the production of thin-walled, narrow tubes, we were able to construct an intricate network of passageways for the directional transport of liquids.

Dynamorphosis08 - Hanneke Wetzer-5



Lungs are extremely structured. They can be captured in computational algorithms. The branched lung tissue is composed of so-called “fractals”: mathematical patterns that repeat themselves at every level. By virtue of these growth properties, the surface area of the lungs is maximized within the limited space of the chest cavity, allowing as much oxygen to be taken up as possible. This complex balloon, made by using 3D printed molds, changes its volume in response to air pressure.

Dynamorphosis04 - Hanneke Wetzer-5

Dynamorphosis01 - Hanneke Wetzer-5


The intestine is capable of transporting food by means of so-called ‘peristaltic movements’. Pulsating rather than continuous movements allow the efficient use of energy. Short, vertical ‘muscles’ transfer their pulses to elongated, horizontal ‘muscles’, resulting in a smooth, propelling motion. By 3D printing on flexible materials, like textile, a pulsating movement is transformed into a continuous movement.

Dynamorphosis10 - Hanneke Wetzer-5

This project is awarded with the Bio Art and Design Award 2016 and exhibited in the exhibition Fluid Matter in MU Eindhoven (Torenallee 40-06) from 2 December 2016 – 26 February 2017.

Concept: Roos Meerman and Lilian van Daal together with Renee van Amerongen
Electronics and technique: Joppe Spaans
Special thanks to: Shanti Versnel, Suzan de Laat, Sam van Gerwen, Marcel Klein Legtenberg, Manon van Daal, Maarten Baan, Tom Kortbeek, Harm Giesen, Vincent Hammingh, Astrid Meerman


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